Inomhus ansiktsporträtt av leende Torsten Wiesel

Photo: Markus Marcetic/SUA

About Torsten

Torsten Wiesel, a Swedish neuroscientist and physician, is the Scientific Patron and Honorary Member of the Young Academy of Sweden. In 1981 Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with David H. Hubel (the other half awarded to Roger Sperry). They were awarded the prize for their studies of how visual information is transmitted to and processed in the brain’s visual cortex and how the underlying circuits are established during development.

Honorary Member 2012–

To mark Torsten Wiesel’s 90th birthday in 2014, the Young Academy of Sweden announced The Torsten Wiesel Midnight Sun Award for Distinguished Achievement in Promoting Science.

It has been observed that Hubel and Wiesel’s work:

provided the greatest single influence on the ways neuroscientists thought about and prosecuted studies of the brain during much of the second half of the twentieth century.

(D. Purves in Brains: How they seem to work, FT Press, 2009).

Hubel and Wiesel revolutionized our understanding of how the brain creates an internal representation of the world around us. This work has also had significant clinical implications, e.g. for the treatment of children with impaired vision.

Wiesel was born in 1924 in Uppsala, Sweden, the youngest of five children. His father, Fritz S. Wiesel, was chief psychiatrist and head of Beckomberga Hospital, a mental institution located on the outskirts of Stockholm. The family lived at the hospital and Wiesel’s mother Anna-Lisa (b. Bentzer) raised the children there. Wiesel graduated 1954 from Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. After graduation, he taught at the Department for Physiology at the Karolinska Hospital and worked in the child psychiatry unit. In 1955 Wiesel moved to the USA and the Johns Hopkins University Medical School in Baltimore, Maryland. The following year he started his 24-year-long career at Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, where he was central to forming its now legendary Department of Neurobiology, first as a professor and from 1973 as head of the department.

1983 Wiesel began his position as Vincent and Brooke Astor Professor and head of the Laboratory of Neurobiology at Rockefeller University, New York. In 1991 Wiesel was appointed president of Rockefeller University, a position he held until 1998. During his term, Wiesel e.g. was instrumental in the establishment of six interdisciplinary research centers and the formation of the collaborative relationship between the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center and The Rockefeller University. Moreover. Professor Wiesel made it a priority to address a gender imbalance in the sciences and at Rockefeller. He appointed one of the first female ’full professors’ at the university, Mary E. Hatten. He is currently co-director of the Shelby White and Leon Levy Center for Mind, Brain and Behavior at Rockefeller and co-chairs the Board of Governors of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology.

Torsten Wiesel’s extraordinary scientific achievements are paralleled by a lifetime of outstanding scientific leadership as a committed advocate for science and its internationalization. He is an advisor to several countries and organizations, mainly helping to create opportunities for young scientists to carry out independent research. He has also served as the secretary general for the Human Frontier Science Program where he reshaped scientific programs to be more effective instruments for interdisciplinary science.

Wiesel has done much work as a global human rights advocate. He is a founding member of the International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies as well as the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization, a nonprofit alliance to support collaborative research between scientists in Israel and Palestine. Moreover, Wiesel served for 10 years as chair of the committee on human rights of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. In 2007, a research institute for the prevention and treatment of eye diseases was established by the World Eye Organization at West China Hospital in Chengdu, China, dedicated to Wiesel; the Torsten Wiesel Research Institute.

Wiesel’s daughter, Sara Elisabeth was born in 1975, and he has two grandchildren: Owen Thomas Cullen, born in 2007, and Sean Karl Cullen, born in 2009. In 2008 Wiesel married Lizette Mususa Reyes, and they presently divide their time between Stockholm and New York.

In 2012 Dr Wiesel and Gunnar Öquist, the initiator of the Young Academy of Sweden, were welcomed as Honorary Members of the Academy.

In brief

Born: 3 juni 1924
Family: Wife Lizette Mususa “Mu” Reyes, daugther Sara Elisabeth, born 1975, two grandchildren born 2007 and 2009
Interests: music and art
Other: Torsten was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine together with David H. Hubel in 1981.

There must also be room for risk takers. The research environment must have an atmosphere that inspires and allows for risks. It must be permissible to fail.

Torsten Wiesel, M.D. - Oral History Excerpts, Rockefeller University

David Hubel och Torsten Wiesel framför en svart tavla 1981

David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel 1981

David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel have just been informed that they have been awarded the Nobel Prize in 1981.

Torsten och Mususa Wiesel sitter tillsammans i aulan på Nobel Forum och skrattar

Torsten och Mususa Wiesel

Torsten and Mususa “Mu” Wiesel at the Academy's symposium Visions of the Brain, a Tribute to Torsten Wiesel, at Nobel Forum/KI 2013. Photo: Anna Sjöström Douagi

Torsten Wiesel står i foajén till Nobel Forum

Torsten Wiesel anländer till SUA:s symposium

Torsten arrives at the Nobel Forum at KI for the international symposium Visions of the Brain. Photo: YAS

Publications

Vägar till vetenskapen
Anna Sjöström Douagi
Christer Nordlund
Torsten Wiesel
Books
2016

Roads to Science

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